E46 M3 Engine Belt/Pulley/Tensioner DIY


This is a DIY for the replacement of the main and AC belts, pulleys, and tensioners on my 2001 BMW M3. My pulley(s) started to show signs of failure in Nov/Dec 2015 when they would intermittently squeak at about 83,XXX miles. At a track event, my mic was placed in the engine bay, and you could hear the squeaking in the video (I didn’t hear it in person likely due to my helmet). Sometime in late March, the squeaking suddenly reappeared and wouldn’t go away at 84,1XX miles, so I drove it home to park it in the garage until I had time once the semester was over to replace parts. Work was done at 84,164 miles. Great customer service, and they will get you parts that are not already in their online catalog. I decided to replace all belts, pulleys, tensioners, and hardware because I had no record of previous replacement. I ordered the parts through eEuroparts (first time through them), and it was a pleasant experience.

Video of squeaking pulley. If you skip around, you will hear it get progressively louder.

The job is pretty straightforward and isn’t difficult, probably 3/10. It took me about 5-6 hours to do, which included taking the time to take photos and wasting time doing other things. Some defining terms.. when I say “left” or “right,” right/left will be as if you are sitting inside the car and facing the front. When you are facing the front of the car while working on it, right/left will be flipped, if that makes sense. Clockwise is CW and counter-clockwise is CCW.

Below is the list of parts I am replacing in this DIY. You could reuse your hardware if you want to; I elected to use new ones. You could use this DIY to replace just belts and/or pulleys, but be smart. Don’t remove a tensioner if you are only replacing belts and pulleys. Don’t remove a pulley if you are only replacing belts. Don’t remove the plastic under tray if you plan to do the work from the top. I worked from both above and below.

B is belt, P is pulley, T is tensioner, C is dust cap/cover, everything else is hardware. X1/2 is the quantity. The last two parts in both lists (478 and 030) are the same. They are only separated to show you how many of the parts will be used in each belt drive system; in total, you will need three of each.

PART NUMBER
MAIN BELT DRIVE
11287837898 x1 B
11281748131 x1 P
07129905534 x1
07119904533 x1
07119904532 x1
11287835130 x2
11287841228 x1 P
07119904677 x1
11287838797 x1 T
11281730349 x1 C
11281727159 x1 C
12311713143 x1 C
11281730532 x1 C
07119912478 x1
07119907030 x1

AC BELT DRIVE
11287830946 x1 B
11281433571 x1 P
07119912478 x2
07119907030 x2

Here are the part diagrams for the two belt systems from RealOEM:
Main Belt Drive:
E46 M3 Drive Belt

A/C Belt Drive:

Now, to the DIY guide…

1. Lift the car. DO NOT work under a car that is supported by a jack. Remove the plastic under tray.

2. Remove the airbox unit and air guide/suction hood.
E46 M3 air cleaner

First, remove the four plastic rivets circled in yellow. This will allow you to remove the suction hood.
E46 M3 Suction Hood

Unplug the MAF and loosen the hose clamp.
E46 M3 MAF

Unplug this sensor, then remove the plastic cover by simply pulling up on it.
E46 M3 temp sensor

Remove these two 10mm bolts as well as a 10mm washer that holds down the white sensor unit. Pull up on the unit to give yourself some room to remove the airbox unit.
E46 M3 Sensor Unit

3. Remove the fan shroud duct circled in yellow, and move the one circled in blue out of the way to give you more working space. Each is held on by two plastic rivets, with one being shared by both shrouds.
E46 M3 Fan Shroud
E46 M3 Fan Shroud 2
Right
E46 M3 Fan Shroud Clip
Left
E46 M3 left fan shroud clip

Your engine bay should look like this. You do not need to remove the plastic engine cover; mine is missing because I don’t run one.
E46 M3 Engine Bay

4. Remove the OE fan shroud and fan. They will be removed together. If you have converted to an electric fan, you’ll need to decide whether or not electric fan removal is required.

Unplug 1, and pull up on 2 to remove it from its harness; you do not need to unplug 2.
E46 M3 Sensor Plug
E46 M3 Sensor Plug

Remove the four T25 torx screws that secure the fan shroud. Their locations are circled in yellow. The yellow arrows point to tabs that also help secure the shroud to the radiator. The blue circles show what the fan shroud ducts are secured to.
E46 M3 Fan Shroud

Top right screw
E46 M3 Fan Shroud Screw

Top left
E46 M3 Fan Shroud

Bottom left. Don’t mind the leaking power steering lines. It’s minor, and I’m still trying to figure out what exactly is leaking.
E46 M3 leaky power steering

Bottom right
E46 M3 Fan Shroud

Now you will remove the fan. I used the BMW tool. Some people use a 32mm wrench and hammer to loosen the nut, but I did not want to do that. Turn CW to loosen it. Ensure that you don’t drop and break the fan. Once removed from the water pump, pull both the fan and fan shroud out of the car.
E46 M3 Fan Removal Tools
E46 M3 Fan Assembly

View from above. You will notice that I don’t have the dust covers because, before I took ownership of my car, some incompetent person didn’t put them back on. Go ahead and remove the dust caps. If you are replacing only belts, the blue arrow points to the cap you need to remove; you don’t need to remove the yellow caps.
E46 M3 belts
E46 M3 belt diagram
E46 M3 Belt Pattern
E46 M3 AC Belt

Note that you must remove the AC belt before you can remove the serpentine belt. Also note how the serpentine belt goes around the pulleys. You can also refer to the RealOEM diagram to see how it goes around. The ribbed part of the belt will make contact with the ribbed pulleys, and the smooth part of the belt will make contact with the smooth pulleys.

5. Move the oil cooler out of the way. It is secured by two T25 torx screws on either side of it.
E46 M3 Oil Cooler Moving

You will also see these two screws. You don’t need to remove them.
E46 M3

6. De-tension the AC tensioner and remove the AC belt. You will turn the 16mm hex washer thing CW and line up the two holes on the tensioner. Stick an Allen key in those two holes to keep the unit de-tensioned. Now you can remove the AC belt. If you plan on replacing the tensioner, you may want to use something that you’re okay with throwing away; I had a hard time removing my Allen key after removal of the tensioner.
E46 M3 bottom tensioner

E46 M3 tensioner holes
E46 M3 Tensioner

7. If you are replacing the tensioner, remove the two 13mm bolts that secure it. When installing the new tensioner, torque the bolts to 24 Nm (17.7 lb-ft).

If you don’t plan on working on the main belt system, reverse the steps now to put the car back together.

8. Turn the tensioner pulley bolt CW to de-tension the main belt, and remove the belt. Unlike the AC tensioner, you do not need to line up two holes and insert an Allen key for this one. The bolt uses either an 8mm hex key or T50 torx. Visually check which one yours is, and if you can’t tell, try using the 8mm first, then T50. My old bolt was 8mm hex and new was T50.
E46 M3 8mm Hex
E46 M3 Pully Bolts

If you are replacing the tensioner pulley and/or tensioner itself, you will rotate the same bolt CCW to remove it. This will allow you to remove the pulley. If you are replacing the tensioner, move on to Step 9. If you are not replacing the tensioner, install the new pulley and torque to 38 Nm (28 lb-ft). Replacement of the idler pulley is detailed in Step 10.
Note the position of the dust cover. You should see an impression, not a depression; reinstall it that way.
E46 M3 pulley bolt
E46 M3 pulley

9. Removal of the tensioner requires you to remove three 13mm hex bolts.
E46 M3 tensioner bolt

One
E46 M3 tensioner bolts

Two
E46 M3

Three

New vs old
E46 M3 Tensioner Genuine vs INA

Install the new tensioner and torque the three bolts to 24 Nm (17.7 lb-ft). When installing your pulley, ensure that your dust cover is positioned so that you see an impression. Torque the pulley bolt to 38 Nm (28 lb-ft).

Day 2 because I didn’t feel like finishing up at night. My OCD was killing me in the morning, so I had to clean up and organize the work area before continuing any work.
E46 M3 in a garage

10. Remove and replace the idler pulley. Torque the bolt to 38 Nm (28 lb-ft).

We will be reversing the steps to put the car back together now.

11. Install the main belt and do it correctly the first time, or bad things may happen.
E46 M3 belt diagram
E46 M3 Belt Pattern

12. Put the dust caps back on. Blue arrow points to the tensioner pulley cap.
E46 M3 belts

13. Install the AC belt, and add tension to it.
E46 M3 AC Belt

14. Install the cooling fan and fan shroud. They must be lowered in behind the radiator together; do not drop the fan. Firmly tighten the fan, but do not go all gorilla on it. The rotation of the fan will prevent it from unthreading. The fan shroud is secured by two tabs and four T25 torx screws at each corner (yellow circles and arrows). The long screw is for the top right corner.
E46 M3 Fan Shroud

15. Plug in 1, and put 2 back in its harness.
E46 M3 Sensor Plug

16. Install the two shroud ducts. Blue first, then yellow.
E46 M3 Fan Shroud

17. Install the airbox. You have two 10mm bolts on the side of the box, the hose clamp, MAF, and four plastic rivets for the suction hood. I replaced my filter because it was dirty and torn up. Should’ve replaced it right after I bought the car 3 years ago… At this point, I started the car and let it run for a few minutes to see if there were any issues.
E46 Airbox Filter

18. Install the oil cooler. It is secured with two T25 screws.

E46 M3 Oil Cooler Moving

19. Install the plastic undertray.

20. Lower the car.

I also did a tech inspection and had Nitto NT-01s mounted on my wheels before lowering the car in preparation for an upcoming track event.
e46 nitto

Done!

Posted in BMW, DIY How-To

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